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geothermal energy

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Geothermal Energy

 

Geothermal heating plants

Geothermal energy is free and renewable. Several technologies exist to use geothermal energy, the two main being water-source (left) and ground-source (right) heat pumps:

A rapidly growing market

By 2050, the development of geothermal power could reach about 5% of global world demand for heating. This is the conclusion of a report published in 2011 by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). However, in all scenarios envisaged by the IPCC, “geothermal energy is below the limits of its technical potential”.

Geothermal energy is already the second source of renewable energy for heat in France and the “Grenelle de l’Environment” has set an ambitious goal for 2020: multiplying the geothermal energy production by 6. This would mean a contribution of 1.9 Mtoe, equivalent to 50% of the total production expected from wind turbines in 2020.

The number of homes heated by geothermal energy in the Paris area is estimated to rise from 180,000 units in 2013 to 500,000 in 2020. These developments imply important investments in geothermal energy infrastructure: this is where Kyotherm intervenes.